CBD or cannabidiol is one of several active compounds found in the hemp or cannabis plant. CBD oil usually extracted from the plant in the form of an oil.
CBD is not psychoactive: CBD oil does not typically produce the changes in mood and sensorium that are associated with marijuana, which is also a hemp product. Nevertheless, hemp agriculture is presently banned under federal drug laws, which means that for the present, CBD occupies an uncertain legal status.
Cannabis and the Law
U.S. laws pertaining to cannabis and 510 thread batteries are currently in a state of flux. According to a Gallop poll done in 2017, nearly two-thirds of all Americans support the legalization of marijuana. Support for this initiative was found among Democrats and Republicans alike.
While Colorado, California, Washington, Oregon, Nevada, Maine, Vermont, Massachusetts, Alaska and the District of Columbia have legalized the recreational use of marijuana for individuals over the age of 21, federal law still classifies it as a Schedule 1 drug. During the Obama administration, the federal government adopted a hands-off policy where these state laws were concerned, but Jeff Sessions, the Attorney General under President Trump, has indicated a willingness to crack down on states that have legalized marijuana use.
In April 2018, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell introduced a bill called the Hemp Farming Act of 2018. If this bill becomes federal law, it will not legalize the use of marijuana for either medicinal or recreational purposes, but it will legalize hemp agriculture and the use of hemp in such products as paper, cardboard, clothing, carpets and food. The bill received bipartisan sponsorship, and a companion bill with the same name was also introduced into the House of Representatives.
CBD Oil Versus Medical Marijuana
Medical marijuana and CBD oil are not the same thing. Even when marijuana is being used therapeutically, it still produces the high that recreational marijuana users seek. CBD oil does not contain THC, so it produces no mind-altering effects.
In June 2018, Oklahoma became the 30th state to legalize the use of cannabis for medical purposes. Marijuana has been used medicinally to treat an assortment of conditions, including the nausea and cachexia associated with cancer, Crohn’s disease, glaucoma, multiple sclerosis and mental health conditions such as post-traumatic stress disorder.
CBD oil also appears to have a far wider range of medical uses than medical marijuana has. Research suggests that CBD oil may be useful in the treatment of chronic pain, epilepsy, neuronal injuries, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, acne and other conditions.
CBD Oil and the Law
In June 2018, the Food and Drug Administration approved the use of CBD in the treatment of two relatively rare forms of epilepsy.
At present, 17 states have passed legislation that allows the use of CBD oil under very specific sets of circumstances. Those states are Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming. Most of these states require a prescription for CBD use. While some of these states confine the therapeutic use of CBD to epilepsy, others allow health care providers to prescribe it for a range of medical conditions.