Can the divorce be overturned if the divorce settlement is violated?
Finalizing a divorce judgment isn’t necessarily the end of your divorce journey. You and the other party must still carry out the terms of the judgment. This might mean following a custody and parenting time schedule. It might mean signing a deed to the marital home or transferring titles on other property. It may require you to cash out a bank account and transfer funds.
In a perfect world, each party quickly does their respective tasks and the case ends. Unfortunately, parties don’t always do what they’re supposed to when it comes to carrying out the terms of the divorce. When that happens, you might wonder what you can do to change the terms of the divorce.
It depends on the circumstances
There are absolutely things that you can do to compel the other party’s compliance with the divorce judgment. Whether you can completely overturn the divorce settlement depends on the terms of the breach. The court might look first to try and compel the other side’s compliance with the divorce judgment. If that doesn’t work, they might look at ways to modify the judgment so that the other side can comply with it.
The court’s first goal when a party breaches the terms of the divorce judgment is to compel the party to comply. There are a number of ways that the court might do this. In some cases, simply initiating a court action to hold the other side accountable might be enough to get them to do what the order requires them to do. In other cases, the court may have to impose a penalty.
The court’s contempt power is wide. Parties should take court orders seriously and comply with them. When they don’t, the court can choose from a range of penalties in order to compel the other side’s compliance. They can charge the non-complying party a fine. They can even commit the party to jail. They can also modify the terms of the divorce judgment in order to make it something the other side is going to comply with.
The remedy depends on the breach
What the court decides to do depends on what the other side has failed to do. For example, if the divorce judgment says that the other side is to pay you $10,000 from an account and close the account, the other side may simply refuse to pay you. If that happens, you can file paperwork to ask for the court’s help to get what you’re owed under the judgment. The court might order the offending party to pay you a penalty in addition to paying you the funds you deserve. They might also order them to pay the court a fine. They can commit the party to jail until they arrange for transfer. However, jail is an extreme remedy that the court won’t impose except as a last resort.
In other cases, the court might change the divorce judgment so that the other party can comply with new terms. For example, a divorce judgment might state that parenting time exchanges should occur at 9:00 a.m. and that the parent ending parenting time should drive the child to the other parent’s house. If that parent is habitually late, for example dropping the child off at 11:00 a.m. on several occasions, the court might change the parenting time schedule to allow the parent exercising parenting time to pick up the child at 7:00 p.m. the night before. The court might also order that the offending parent forfeits their next parenting time when they’re late for parenting time exchanges.
In many cases, the court will award the non-offending party attorney fees for the cost of enforcing the court judgment. That means they have to pay some or all of the cost of hiring an attorney to bring a court action in order to have the court judgment enforced. This can be a helpful way to make sure that you don’t bear the burden of the other party’s noncompliance with the court order.